Am I Pregnant?

One in five pregnancies end in natural miscarriage before seven weeks, therefore a positive pregnancy test is not always conclusive. Ultrasound is the earliest way to determine a live pregnancy.1

If you believe you may be facing a pregnancy due to a missed period, positive at-home test, or other early signs of pregnancy (see list below), the next step is to medically confirm that you are pregnant.

Network Medical provides free pregnancy testing and ultrasound services in order to verify pregnancy and determine how far along the pregnancy may be.

Pregnancy Symptoms: First Signs2

  • Missed period – if you have regular cycles, missing your period is the most typical early sign of pregnancy.
  • Light spotting or cramping – sometimes when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus, approximately two weeks after conception, a small amount of spotting or vaginal bleeding known as implantation bleeding can occur. This lasts for a short time and can happen around the same time as a menstrual period. This is much lighter than a menstrual cycle. Some women will experience mild cramping in early pregnancy.
  • Changes in breasts – due to changes in your hormones, breasts may feel tender or sore. Another early sign is the darkening of the areolas (skin around the nipple).
  • Feeling tired – because the hormone progesterone increases significantly, you may feel extra sleepy or fatigued.
  • Nausea – this symptom is called “morning sickness” but can happen at any time of the day or night and can occur as early as three weeks after conception. Nausea can be present with or without vomiting.
  • Frequent urination – you may be using the bathroom more than usual.
  • Food aversions – often, again due to changing hormones, you may find yourself squeamish around food you normally enjoy. Sometimes, certain smells that were fine before pregnancy can now bring a wave of nausea as well.
  • Dizziness or headaches – feeling light headed, dizzy or mild headaches can occur due to blood vessels dilating and blood pressure dropping which happens when you’re pregnant.
  • Constipation – changing hormones can slow down digestion, sometimes causing constipation.

* Note: If you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant, and you have any of the following physical symptoms, call your doctor or go to the emergency department as soon as possible: vaginal bleeding (soaking greater than 1 pad in 24 hours) abdominal pain with a fever, cramping and abdominal pain more than your period, burning with urination, puffy hands or face, and or excessive vomiting.

Pregnancy Week by Week

Many of us think of pregnancy as lasting nine months, but a pregnancy is measured from the time of the woman’s last menstrual cycle. For this reason, a pregnancy usually lasts about ten months.

These ten months are divided into three trimesters. Each trimester lasts about 13 weeks. Receiving an ultrasound is the most accurate way to confirm a pregnancy and to determine how far along the pregnancy may be. If you believe you might be pregnant, Network Medical provides free pregnancy testing and ultrasound services.

What Happens During the First Month?

First Trimester Begins

Week 1 – Last Menstrual Period
Week 2 – Conception (sperm fertilizes egg)
Week 3 – Embryo attaches to the uterus
Week 4 – Nerves, brain and spinal cord begin to develop

What Happens During the Second Month?
Week 5 – Heart begins to beat
Week 6 – Eyes, arms, legs, lungs, and stomach begin to form
Week 7 – Hands and feet are forming
Week 8 – Upper lip, teeth, fingers and ears begin to form
What Happens During the Third Month?
Week 9 – Toes and genitals are forming
Week 10 – Baby has permanent fingerprints
Week 11 – Baby starts to produce urine
Week 12 – Fingernails are forming[/DDET]
What Happens During the Fourth Month?

Second Trimester Begins

Week 13 – Baby flexes and kicks
Week 14 – Gender can often be determined by ultrasound
Week 15 – Skin begins to form
Week 16 – Facial expressions are possible

What Happens During the Fifth Month?]
Week 17 – Fat accumulates
Week 18 – Baby begins to hear
Week 19 – Lanugo (tiny downy hair) covers baby’s skin
Week 20 – The halfway point
What Happens During the Sixth Month?
Week 21 – Nourishment evolves
Week 22 – Taste buds develop
Week 23 – Lungs prepare for life outside the womb
Week 24 – Sense of balance develops
What Happens During the Seventh Month?
Week 25 – Eyebrows & eyelashes are usually developing
Week 26 – Eyes remain closed
Week 27 – Baby continues to grow
Week 28 – Baby’s eyes open
What Happens During the Eighth Month?

Third Trimester Begins

Week 29 – Movement is more forceful
Week 30 – Baby packs on pounds
Week 31 – Reproductive development continues
Week 32 – Downy hair falls off

What Happens During the Ninth Month?
Week 33 – Baby detects light
Week 34 – Protective coating gets thicker
Week 35 – Rapid growth continues
Week 36 – Baby can suck
What Happens During the Tenth Month?
Week 37 – Baby is full-term
Week 38 – Organ function continues to improve
Week 39 – Placenta provides antibodies
Week 40 – Your due date arrives
  1.  NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 2014. Miscarriage. Retrieved from; Wilcox AJ, Weinberg CR, O’Connor JF, Baird DD, Schlatterer JP, Canfield RD (1988). Incidence of early loss of pregnancy. N Engl J Med; 319:89-94.